Antiseptic liquid is commonly used as first aid for cuts, bruises, inflammation or insect bites. However, apparently liquid from banana sap could be used as antiseptic. Some students from Tidar University (Untidar), Magelang City, Central Java, did some research about antiseptic properties in banana sap and bitter melon.
Ismiterra Cahya Pradani, the team leader explained that banana sap contained tannin, alkaloid, and saponin that served as antiseptic and anti-bacterial.
“Flavonoid contents in banana sap also serve as stimulant for skin cells regeneration, so they speed up blood clotting and healing process,” Ismi said to Kompas.com, Tuesday (12/5/2017).
While bitter melon contained anthraquinone, quinone and lectin. These substances served as anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory. Both of these plants could be extracted into liquid and packed into spray liquid. They called this herbal antiseptic as Spray GAPIPA.
“Spray GAPIPA can heal external wounds, such as burns, sharp cut incision as long they were minor injuries. Generally it is the same as other wound medicines, but this spray is herbal because the ingredients were extracted banana sap and bitter melon,” she added.
Ismi said this research was inspired by conditions in Magelang where many banana stem waste, especially post-harvest in the farms. Those waste piled up and rot. Even though those waste could pollute environments.
“The banana stems were usually just left after harvest. So did bitter melon because the supply was more than the demand and the price went down. The waste of both plants could pollute environments if they were not used,” Ismi explained.
Ismi with her college friends, Suwasdi, Sulistyani and Ahmad Fahrudin started the research several months ago. Their research passed Untidar’s Student Creativity Program.
One of the advantages of this spray that it didn’t have side-effects because it was herbal. “This spray can be used easily, you just spray it on wounds. This spray also will not leave wound marks,” Suwasdi added.
The research was done in three months. They tested the spray on 18 mice because they had similar genetics with human. “We took samples from wounded mice, we sprayed the wounds with Gapipa and they were healed without wound marks,” he said.
They were applying permission to get approval from Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan (BPOM) Semarang, Indonesia’s agency of food and drug administration.